How To Play Banjo? Steps & Essential Accessories


How to Play Banjo
28 May, 2024


Are you fascinated with learning how to play banjo? You are in the right place. Immerse yourself in the rhythmic world of the banjo with this comprehensive guide designed specifically for music enthusiasts.

It teaches beginners everything they need to know about how to play banjo, including history, anatomy, playing styles, tuning, and holding techniques. It discusses banjo accessories and their features, allowing readers to make informed decisions about their banjo-playing experience.

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What Is a Banjo?

The banjo is an African stringed musical instrument that became popular in the 19th century in the United States and was later exported to Europe. It has a tambourine-like body with a hoop and screws for attaching the vellum belly. The banjo has five metal strings that are tuned from C’-G’-B’-D’ upwards. The banjo is a popular instrument in folk and jazz ensembles across the United States.

Amazing Fact: The Banjo is over 400 years old, with its earliest references dating back to the early 1600s.

How To Play Banjo?

Choosing the Right Banjo

Choosing the right banjo is essential for beginners to learn how to play banjo effectively. Banjos are versatile instruments with various string options, including 4-string, 5-string, or 6-string, and banjo ukulele (Banjolele). Select an instrument that complements your musical style and level of playing ability.

  • 4-string tenor banjo: A 4-string instrument, often associated with jazz or Irish music, offers versatility and simplicity, making it an excellent choice for beginners.
  • 5-string banjo: The 5-string banjo is the most popular and traditional style, commonly associated with bluegrass and folk music. It is also suitable for a wide range of musical styles.
  • 6-string banjo: This less common style is typically used by experienced guitarists to achieve the sound of a banjo while maintaining familiar guitar fret positions.
  • Banjo ukulele (banjolele): This compact and portable banjo is ideal for beginners and those looking for a smaller instrument similar to a ukulele.

Setting Up Your Banjo

Following these steps will ensure a smooth setup for learning how to play banjo after purchasing a banjo.

  • Tuning: Before playing, ensure your banjo is in tune using the standard tuning of “G, D, G, B, D” and use an electronic tuner or app for precise pitch.
  • Proper hand placement: Hold your right-handed banjo with your left hand and rest it on your right thigh. Your right hand will fret the strings.
  • Fingerpicks: These are small metal or plastic devices worn on the right hand that can improve the sound quality of picking strings.

Learning the Basics

The text gives a quick overview of how to play banjo.

  • Banjo anatomy: Familiarizing yourself with the major components of a banjo, including the head, rim, neck, and removable resonator, can help you follow tutorials and make necessary adjustments.
  • Playing positions: Scruggs Style is a bluegrass music style that uses finger picks and a three-finger picking technique on the right hand. The clawhammer style is a traditional musical technique in which the strings are struck with the index or middle finger.
  • Chords and rolls: Beginners should learn basic chords and rolls, which are groups of notes played simultaneously and patterns of notes picked in succession, such as G, C, and D.

Learning Songs

Learning to play songs is a thrilling aspect of banjo playing. The text provides several tips to initiate the process.

  • Beginner songs: Start with basic chords and rolls in beginner tunes such as “Cripple Creek,” which is simple to learn and produces impressive outcomes.
  • Tablature: Banjo tablature is an easy way to learn songs by visualizing which strings to play and which frets to press.
  • Online resources: Online resources such as Banjo Hangout and YouTube channels provide extensive instructional material to help you learn songs and techniques.

Seek Guidance

Taking banjo lessons from an experienced teacher can help you progress by providing valuable feedback, correcting your technique, and introducing you to advanced techniques and styles. These lessons enhance beginners’ skills and help them develop an overall understanding of how to play banjo.

Practice Regularly

To master how to play banjo, you must practice consistently and with patience. Set aside at least thirty minutes daily for practice to improve your banjo playing. Initially, It may be challenging, but you will gain enthusiasm for playing the instrument.

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Banjo Accessories

Banjo Case

In the process of learning how to play banjo, you should also learn how to take care of the instrument. Banjo cases are essential for protecting the banjo from damage during transportation or storage and securing accessories like picks and straps. They also protect the instrument from extreme temperatures and humidity, preventing damage to delicate components. A banjo case provides clean and dust-free storage, making it easier to keep in good condition.

The top banjo cases include the Carrion C-2901 Black Hardshell Banjo Case, Protec Deluxe Banjo Gig Bag, Gearlux Banjo Hard Case, 6-string Banjo Case, and TKL 7840 5-string Banjo Case.

Banjo Strap

When learning how to play banjo, it is essential to use a properly fitted strap. Without a banjo strap, the fretting hand must support the banjo’s neck and move up and down while playing. On the other hand, if the strap fits appropriately, you can rest your neck and let it do the heavy lifting. It allows your fretting hand to move freely up and down the neck, increasing your comfort and ease while playing.

There are two types of banjo straps:

  • Cradle straps: Cradle straps are traditional banjo accessories. Their leather ends weave underneath J hooks to provide stability and security for the instrument’s rim.
  • Loop and screw straps: Loop and screw straps have small leather ends with loops held together by Chicago screws, making them easy to attach and adjustable for playing.


Picks are small metal or plastic devices worn on the tips of the fingers and thumbs to enhance banjo playing. They provide more power and better sound, allowing you to play faster. Wearing picks can boost confidence in beginners who may initially play quietly, allowing them to play louder and more confidently.

Banjo picks are used by 5-string banjoists who play the 3-finger style, which includes a thumbpick and two metal fingerpicks.

  • Thumbpick: Thumbpicks are typically plastic and are held to your thumb with a wrap made of plastic or metal. Position the pick away from your hand, between the thumb knuckle and the top.
  • Fingerpicks: Fingerpicks are metal or plastic plectrums used to play bluegrass banjo. They clip onto fingers and thumbs, simultaneously allowing one hand to pick multiple strings.


Before learning how to play banjo, tuning the instrument is essential. A tuner ensures your banjo stays in tune, allowing you to adjust the pitch of each string accurately. Banjo tuners may come in various forms, including electronic, clip-on, and pedal options to ensure accurate and user-friendly tuning for your banjo.

String Winder

A string winder makes banjo tuning and restringing easier. Options range from low-cost models to durable, high-quality models. Here are some options: The Shubb String Winder, TGI String Winder, and Machine Head String Winder.

Cleaning Supplies

To keep your instrument clean, wipe it down with a lint-free cloth after each performance to remove fingerprints. Then, apply Fast Fret, Martin, or Dr. Kyser string cleaning lubricant to clean your strings.

Use a wax-free polish that does not smear to achieve modern gloss finishes. Use impregnated cloths to remove finger and body marks from nickel—or gold-plated hardware. Avoid abrasive cleaners, as they can remove the plating.


A capo allows you to change the pitch of the banjo by clamping down on the fretboard, enabling you to play in different keys without adjusting your finger positions. Popular choices include Shubb, Kyser, and Paige.

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Connect with artists, fans and producers around the world.


What is a banjo?

In the 19th century, the banjo, an African stringed instrument, became popular in the United States and Europe. It features a tambourine-like body with five metal strings and is used in folk and jazz ensembles.

How to play banjo?

  • Choosing the right banjo
  • Setting up your banjo
  • Learning the basics
  • Learning songs
  • Seek guidance
  • Practice regularly

Banjo accessories

  • Banjo case
  • Banjo strap
  • Picks
  • Tuner
  • String winder
  • Cleaning supplies
  • Capo


How to play the banjo?

Here are the necessary steps to learn how to play the banjo.

  • Choosing the right banjo
  • Setting up your banjo
  • Learning the basics
  • Learning songs
  • Seek guidance
  • Practice regularly

How do I choose the right banjo for me?

When choosing a banjo, make three important decisions: buy from a specialized company, select the highest-quality instrument within your budget, and select the banjo appropriate for your desired music style.

What is the proper way to tune a banjo?

To begin playing, ensure that your banjo is in tune. Use the standard tuning of “G, D, G, B, D” and an electronic tuner or a tuning app to achieve the ideal pitch.

What are banjo picks, and how do I use them?

Banjo picks are small metal or plastic pieces worn on the fingertips to pluck the strings of a banjo. They enhance volume and clarity. Slip them onto your thumb, index, and middle fingers, then pluck the strings downward for a clear, crisp sound.

How do I care for and maintain my banjo?

To maintain your banjo, keep it in a cool, dry, and clean environment. Avoid direct sunlight and cold and damp areas. Clean with a lint-free cloth, Fast Fret, Martin, or Dr Kyser string cleaning lubricant, and polish to the desired finish. Do not use abrasive cleaners on nickel or gold-plated hardware.

How long does it take to learn to play the banjo?

Learning to play the banjo is simple; some people can even play a song in a month or less. The primary distinction between beginners and professionals is the relaxed delivery of banjo music, which is distinguished by good timing, tone, technique, and faster tempos.

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